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Dietary Supplements in Pediatrics

Dietary Supplements are widely used by both healthy and chronically ill children, but despite their frequent use, little emphasis is placed on these therapies in medical education, especially for the pediatric population.

This course activity will help to close this knowledge gap and assist health care professionals in understanding how, when, and what types of dietary therapy interventions might be used in conjunction with conventional therapies to enhance pediatric care. This is important because an accruing number of effective, safe, non-pharmaceutical dietary supplement-based therapies are available for children yet not widely known or taught to clinicians.

This course covers a detailed overview of dietary supplements, and specific research on selected supplements including Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Probiotics, Butterbur, Chamomile, Curcumin, Echinacea, St. John’s wort, Melatonin, Peppermint.

Outcome Objectives

  • Identify patients that could potentially benefit from integrative medicine dietary supplement treatment options and where research gaps are present.
  • Determine which medical conditions have robust supporting evidence for the use of dietary supplement-based integrative medicine treatment options, especially in children.
  • Teach clinicians how to better educate caretakers and parents about dietary supplement-based integrative medicine treatment options for their families.

Click on the “Materials” tab above to access supplementary resources for this course.

Course completion provides a maximum of 9   AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.

Ultimately it is a joint responsibility between parent and clinician to ensure the safety of the child. Given the high prevalence of dietary supplement use in children, clinicians must be able to counsel patients on potential beneficial or harmful effects, quality control issues, and potential supplement-drug interactions.

Useful resources include: 

National Center for Complementary & Integrative Health (NCCIH) formerly NCCAM  

Consumer Lab:   

Natural Standard

American Botanical Counsel

Vitamin D: National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements

PDF Downloads: 

APIM_ Melatonin Review _Pang 2021

NIH_Health Professional Fact Sheet_ Omega-3 Fatty Acids

NIH_Consumer Resource Omega-3 Fatty Acids

APIM Course 201 Dietary Supplements Review Article

APIM Melatonin Review _Skrzelowski 2021